The Christian Institute

News Release

Christian group warns MPs against unjustified “ideological” extension of Conversion Therapy ban

The Christian Institute will tell the UK Parliament’s Women and Equalities Committee that protecting people from abuse carried out in the name of ‘conversion therapy’ is right, but will warn against an unjustified “ideological” extension of the planned ban that would threaten religious freedom.

It will say that the current proposals, which are out for consultation and which seek to ban coercive practices, are likely to enjoy broad support if they focus on punishing genuine abuse. However, calls by a small number of campaigners to drastically extend the ban to include ordinary church work and even gentle prayer would criminalise innocent Christians.

The warnings come after the official Ban Conversion Therapy campaign and its supporters said the current proposals are not broad enough and should include “spiritual guidance” and even gentle prayer.

The Christian Institute will appear before the Parliamentary committee this afternoon, Wednesday 24th, at 2pm.


Speaking to the Committee, Simon Calvert, Deputy Director for Public Affairs at The Christian Institute, will draw attention to a legal opinion from human rights expert Jason Coppel QC. The opinion warns that widening the ban to include prayer, preaching, pastoral work and parenting would breach the human rights of Christians.

It says that evangelism, church membership, baptism, communion, and even private prayer, could all fall foul of a broad conversion therapy law like the one passed earlier this year in Victoria, Australia. Mr Coppel goes on to warn that such a law could put the UK in breach of its international human rights obligations.

Coppel observed:

“It is unlikely to be proportionate for the law to proceed on the basis that all those with non-heteronormative sexual orientations or gender identities are vulnerable to the extent that any questioning of the truth or legitimacy of those sexual orientations or gender identities must be prohibited”.

Referring to the mainstream Christian belief that sex should be reserved for marriage between one man and one woman, Coppel stated:

“The Courts have consistently regarded such beliefs as protected by Article 9 ECHR and worthy of respect as such.”

“These beliefs must be treated by the State with neutrality and impartiality.”

“The imposition of criminal sanctions for the expression of religious beliefs to others is particularly difficult to justify in Convention terms.”

“…one of the fundamental facets of freedom of religion or belief is the right of a religion to determine its own beliefs and practices, the legitimacy of which should not be questioned by the state”.


Mr Calvert commented:

“Banning conversion therapy shouldn’t be controversial. When the campaign started we were told a new law was needed because some people had experienced electro-shock treatment and even something repugnant called ‘corrective rape’ to ‘cure’ them of being gay. These things are, of course, already illegal. The authorities can and must take action if there is evidence they are taking place in the UK.

“Now the focus has shifted and a few ideological campaigners are trying to persuade parliamentarians that Government plans, which will ban ‘coercive talking therapies’ and toughen sentences for violent offences, are inadequate and must go much further. Troublingly, they want the work of churches, including ‘gentle prayer’, to be covered by the ban. But do MPs really want to criminalise someone for saying the Lord’s Prayer with a church friend who is same-sex attracted?”


Mr Calvert will also seek to point out how the words of Christians sharing the gospel have been manipulated to attack them for alleged ‘conversion therapy’. In particular, he highlights the case of Nelson McCausland who once served as an MLA at Stormont and now sits on the Board of the Northern Ireland Education Authority. McCausland is an evangelical Christian.

Earlier this year he used his personal Facebook page to post a link to a website called The Gospel Coalition. It told the story of Becket Cook, a former Hollywood set designer who had become a Christian after attending a church service. Cook described this as “a Road to Damascus moment”.

His Christian conversion experience had one feature that activists objected to: Cook previously identified as gay but now says he is celibate.

Cook takes the traditional Christian view that the Bible’s call to repentance includes giving up activity that conflicts with the Christian sexual ethic. Cook’s story nowhere suggests he underwent any ‘conversion therapy’ practices. Indeed, he opposes them. He also says he still experiences same-sex attraction and that this may not change.

But none of these facts were allowed to get in the way and Mr McCausland found himself at the centre of a media storm in which the central accusation was that he was ‘promoting conversion therapy’.

One councillor tweeted:

“it is inconceivable that a board member of the NI @Ed_Authority can advocate for conversion therapy. Nelson McCausland must resign.”

Other posts were outright abusive towards McCausland. Mainstream media reported the claims of activists uncritically, petitions were launched, and a member of the Stormont Education Committee even called on the Education Authority to ‘investigate’ him.

McCausland said that those calling for his resignation “must have misread or misunderstood” what he’d written.

Becket Cook reacted with similar bewilderment:

“I have no idea what this is about, but I have never had conversion therapy nor would I.”


Mr Calvert will seek to show the Committee that those attacking McCausland and Cook openly admit that they find it unacceptable for Cook to say, as he does, that he is “happy just to be single and celibate”. But they not only want to verbally attack those who disagree with their worldview, which in a free society they are entitled to do. They also want to criminalise them.

He will warn MPs that campaigners appear to see a ban on conversion therapy as a way to force churches to embrace their preferred theology and pray the ‘right’ kind of prayers.


Mr Calvert concluded:

“Those who teach mainstream Christian sexual ethics are directly in the activists’ firing line. Some want to criminalise individual Christians when they pray with friends who say they are struggling with sin. This kind of prayer support, by the way, is a routine occurrence in evangelical circles, where ‘sin’ is defined far more widely than just sexual matters and where every human being is believed to be in need of forgiveness. But where those prayers involve sexuality, these activists want it stopped. In their Orwellian world, Christian parents could even face criminal charges for trying to raise their children in accordance with their faith – at least when it comes to sexual ethics.

“The fact that these expressions of religion are all protected by international human rights laws seems lost on the leaders of this movement.”


The opinion by Jason Coppel QC can be found here.